The population is estimated to be around 1,265,138 as at the end of December 2017. It forms a unique mosaic of different races, cultures and religions since Mauritians are descendants of immigrants from the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Europe and China. The cultural diversity and harmony of the island make Mauritius a unique place in the world. Most Mauritians are bilingual, being equally fluent in French and English. English is the official language of Parliament, but French and Creole are widely spoken while a number of oriental languages such as Hindi and Mandarin also form part of the linguistic blend.
The Republic of ("Mauritius") acquired its autonomy from Great Britain in 1968 and turned into a republic in 1992. Mauritius has kept up its enrollment to the Commonwealth after its promotion to the status of republic.
Mauritius has a "half and half" legitimate framework; consolidating both the common and basic law rehearses. Its lawful framework is administered by standards got both from the French Code Napoleon and the British basic law. The Supreme Court of Mauritius is the prevalent court of the island, having boundless purview to hear and decide any affable or criminal procedures under any law other than a disciplinary law and such ward and powers as might be given upon it by the Constitution or whatever other law. Mauritius has, in the wake of consenting to the status of republic, held the privilege of enticement to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, which remains the most elevated re-appraising court of the nation.
The Office of the President was established under the Constitution. The President is the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the Republic of Mauritius.