The University of Mauritius was created as a developmental university in 1965. Effective work, however, started in 1968, the main thrust being the provision of trained manpower for the development of independent Mauritius. In 1979, the Review Committee on the Organisation and Development of the University recommended a revised approach to the concept of a developmental university and foresaw a more extended range of disciplines appropriate to the changing needs of the country. Later, after 1987, five Faculties, namely Agriculture, Engineering, Law and Management, Science and Social Studies and Humanities, were set up. Then came the creation of the SSR Centre for Medical Studies and Research, the Centre for Distance Learning and, more recently, the Centre for Information Technology and Systems. The setting up of the University of the Indian Ocean in 1998 has created new opportunities for the University of Mauritius to collaborate with other universities in the region. This is in addition to other international collaborative programmes.
The population is estimated to be around 1,265,138 as at the end of December 2017. It forms a unique mosaic of different races, cultures and religions since Mauritians are descendants of immigrants from the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Europe and China. The cultural diversity and harmony of the island make Mauritius a unique place in the world. Most Mauritians are bilingual, being equally fluent in French and English. English is the official language of Parliament, but French and Creole are widely spoken while a number of oriental languages such as Hindi and Mandarin also form part of the linguistic blend.
The Republic of ("Mauritius") acquired its autonomy from Great Britain in 1968 and turned into a republic in 1992. Mauritius has kept up its enrollment to the Commonwealth after its promotion to the status of republic.
Mauritius has a "half and half" legitimate framework; consolidating both the common and basic law rehearses. Its lawful framework is administered by standards got both from the French Code Napoleon and the British basic law. The Supreme Court of Mauritius is the prevalent court of the island, having boundless purview to hear and decide any affable or criminal procedures under any law other than a disciplinary law and such ward and powers as might be given upon it by the Constitution or whatever other law. Mauritius has, in the wake of consenting to the status of republic, held the privilege of enticement to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, which remains the most elevated re-appraising court of the nation.