Mauritius was discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, and was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was achieved in 1968.
Since independence, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agricultural based economy to a diversified middle-income economy with growth in the industrial and financial services sectors and strong tourism and outsourcing sectors. The island now boasts one of Africa's highest per capita incomes and has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many targeted at commerce in South Africa, India, and China. Mauritius is considered to have a stable democracy and developed civil society with regular free elections and a positive human rights record.
The Conservatoire National de Musique François Mitterrand was set up by the Government in 1987. In 1992, it became a Trust Fund by Act of Parliament and is managed by a board of trustees under the aegis of the Minister of Arts and Culture.
Since 2006 it has started decentralizing its activities and has opened branches in Grand Baie, Mahebourg, Port-Louis, Surinam, Flacq and Rodrigues. Over 2,000 students are presently enrolled at the Conservatoire. In 2006, the Conservatoire became a recognised Cambridge Centre, preparing students for music as a subject at GCE '0' and 'A' levels.
The Central Electricity Board (CEB) is a parastatal body wholly owned by the Government of Mauritius and reporting to the Ministry of Energy and Public Utilities. Established in 1952 and empowered by Central Electricity Board Act of January 1964, the CEB's business is to "prepare and carry out development schemes with the general object of promoting, coordinating and improving the generation, transmission, distribution and sale of electricity in Mauritius".
In 2016, the CEB produced some 1,174 GWh of energy, equivalent to around 43% of the total generation, from its 4 thermal power stations and 10 hydroelectric plants. The remaining 57% (1,565 GWh) of energy was purchased from Independent Power Producers.
Mauritius is well known for its beautiful countryside and pristine lagoons and beaches. It is also known for its social peace, political stability and racial harmony. Its steady economic growth over the years coupled with social cohesion and prosperity, ensure continuing development of essential services like health, education, water, electricity and telecommunications.